Skip to main content

Meta Box Conditional Logic

Meta Box Conditional Logic helps you to show or hide meta boxes, custom fields or any elements based on other fields' values.

You can also combine conditions. It works not only for meta boxes or custom fields, but also other HTML elements.

Getting started

With Meta Box Builder

If you are using Meta Box Builder extension, you can set conditional logic for a specific field by going to the tab Advanced and add rules in the Conditional Logic section:

conditional logic in Meta Box Builder

In this section, you can choose to show or hide a field when all or any conditions match. For each rule, you need to select or enter a dependency field ID, the operator and enter the field value. The dependency field ID is auto-suggested from the list of current fields and you can add as many rules as you want:

conditional logic rules

Using Meta Box Builder is intuitive and self-explained.

For advanced usage (like with custom conditions or using outside field groups), please use code which are explained in detailed below.

With code

In case you use code to register meta boxes, you need to add an extra parameter visible or hide to a field (or a meta box if you want to hide the whole meta box) to set the conditional logic for it.

For example, Tthe code below registers a meta box that is hidden when the post format is "aside". The meta box also have 2 custom fields: Brand and Product. The Product field will be hidden if user select a brand that's not "Apple".

add_filter( 'rwmb_meta_boxes', function( $meta_boxes ) {
$meta_boxes[] = [
'title' => 'Brands and Products',

// Hide this meta box when post format is aside
'hidden' => [ 'post_format', 'aside' ],

'fields' => [
'id' => 'brand',
'name' => 'Brand',
'type' => 'select',
'options' => [
'Apple' => 'Apple',
'Google' => 'Google',
'id' => 'apple_products',
'name' => 'Which Apple product that you love?',
'type' => 'radio',
'options' => [
'iPhone' => 'iPhone',
'iPad' => 'iPad',

// Hide this field when user selected a brand that's not 'Apple'
'hidden' => [ 'brand', '!=', 'Apple' ]

return $meta_boxes;
} );


To make a meta box or a field visible/hidden, please add a setting for the meta box or the field with the following syntax:

// Condition to show.
'visible' => [ 'field', 'operator', 'value' ],

// Condition to hide
'hidden' => [ 'field', 'operator', 'value' ],
fieldMeta Box field ID or ID of a DOM element to compare.
operatorComparison operators: =, >=, <=, >, <, !=, in, contains, between, starts with, ends with, match. All of them can combine with not operator to become negate operator. Default: =. Optional.
valueValue to compare with.

You can bypass operator if it's =, which is the default value. So you can write:

'visible' => [ 'field', 'value' ],
// or
'hidden' => [ 'field', 'value' ],

The normal operators like =, !=, etc. are pretty clear. Let's see the advanced operators like contains, starts with, etc.

Advanced Operators


The operator contains can check if a field value contains another string or value:

'visible' => ['brand', 'contains', 'pp'] // Apple, App, ...

In case a field has multiple value (checkbox list, select multiple...), this operator checks if the field value (which is an array) contains a value:

'visible' => ['brand', 'contains', 'Apple'];

It also works with taxonomy_advanced field. In this case, please set the value to the term ID. For example, if you need to check if a taxonomy advanced field has a value:

'visible' => ['product_type', 'contains', 4]; // 4 is a term ID.


This operator is used to check if a field value is in an array of specific values:

'visible' => ['brand', 'in', ['Apple', 'Samsung']];

In case a field has multiple value (checkbox list, select multiple...), this operator checks if any of the field value is in the specified array. For example, if the brand field above is a checkbox_list field, then it will be visible if users select any of the value "Apple" or "Samsung":

'visible' => ['brand', 'in', ['Apple', 'Samsung']];

If you use with a taxonomy_advanced field, please set the value to the term IDs:

'visible' => ['product_type', 'in', [2, 4]]; // The field will be visible if the product type has any term with ID 2 or 4.


This operator check if the field value is between minimum and maximum values.

Let say that we have a date field released_date and we want to show another field only when released_date is between "2015-06-01" and "2015-12-01":

'visible' => [ 'released_date', 'between', [ '2015-06-01', '2015-12-01' ] ]

Please note that the between operator does not only compare numeric fields but also date and time fields.

starts with

This operator checks if field value starts with a string:

'visible' => [ 'brand', 'starts with', 'App' ] // Apple, App

ends with

This operator checks if field value ends with a string:

'visible' => [ 'brand', 'ends with', 'le' ] // Apple, Google


This operator checks if field value matches a regular expression:

'visible' => [ 'brand', 'match', '[a-z]$' ],


We can combine not operator with other operators to negative the meaning of them. So we'll have not contains, not in, not match, not starts with, not ends with, not between.

Multiple conditions

Sometimes, you'll need to use more than one conditional logic. To do that, you can define multiple conditions to show or hide a meta box or a custom field. For example:

// Visible when 'brand' is 'Apple' AND 'released_year' is between 2010 and 2015
'visible' => [
[ 'brand', 'Apple' ],
[ 'released_year', 'between', [ 2010, 2015 ] ],

By default, if you define compound statement, the logic will correct if ALL of them are correct. In case you want to visible a field if ONE of them is correct, move all statements to when key and put new relation key like this example:

// Visible when 'brand' is 'Apple' OR 'released_year' is between 2010 and 2015
'visible' => [
'when' => [
[ 'brand', 'Apple' ],
[ 'released_year', 'between', [ 2010, 2015 ] ],
'relation' => 'or'

Special values

This section shows you how to specify the value in the conditions for some specific fields.

Checkbox field

For checkboxes, use 0 or false if it's not checked, 1 or true if it's checked.

'visible' => [ 'checkbox_field', true ], // Visible if checkbox_field is checked

Media fields

For media fields that use WordPress media popup to handle upload like file_advanced, image_advanced, the extension checks number of uploaded files instead of their values.

This example shows or hides a field depends on there's a file uploaded:

// Visible when file_advanced field is has file
'visible' => [ 'file_advanced', '>', 0 ],

// Or hidden if image_advanced doesn't contains anything
'hidden' => [ 'image_advanced', 0 ],

Toggle by other elements

Meta Box Conditional Logic can work with other HTML elements the same as Meta Box fields. With this feature, you can show or hide any meta box or field based on post types, page parent, post ID, categories...

To make it work with HTML element, instead of passing the field ID as the first parameter, please pass the element's ID.

Here are the list of available built-in WordPress elements:

post_IDPost ID
page_templatePage template
parent_idParent post ID
post_formatPost format


Display a meta box (or a field) if page template is template-custom.php:

'visible' => [ 'page_template', 'template-custom.php' ],

Featured image is a special HTML element. It has the field name/ID _thumbnail_id and when empty, WordPress sets the value to -1. The plugin can detect changes for featured image and let you define conditions with it.


Make a field visible if no featured image:

'visible' => [ '_thumbnail_id', '=', '-1' ],

Make a field visible if featured image is set:

'visible' => [ '_thumbnail_id', '!=', '-1' ],

Or make a field visible only if featured image is a specific image with ID 123:

'visible' => [ '_thumbnail_id', '=', '123' ],

Using outside field groups

The extension can even work with elements outside field groups. Let's say you want to hide an element .custom-div when a field with ID brand is Microsoft, then you can do that with the following code:

add_filter( 'rwmb_outside_conditions', function( $conditions ) {
$conditions['.custom-div'] = [
'hidden' => ['brand', 'Microsoft'],
// or you can write this for clarity
'hidden' => ['#brand', 'Microsoft'],
return $conditions;
} );

Note that the .custom-div can be any CSS selector, like #custom-id or .my-class .children.

If you want to hide an element .custom-div based on a value of an input, which is not a Meta Box field, specify its ID as follows:

add_filter( 'rwmb_outside_conditions', function( $conditions ) {
$conditions['.custom-div'] = array(
'hidden' => ['#input-id', 'value'],
return $conditions;
} );

If you want to hide a tab created by Meta Box Tabs, see this.

Using with taxonomies

Post category

For post category, use post_category as the first parameter:

'visible' => ['post_category', 'in', [4, 5, 6]]

By default, the extension uses category IDs to check. If you want to use slug, use the following code:

'visible' => ['slug:post_category', 'in', ['fashion', 'gaming', 'technology']]

Post tag

Support for post tag is available only for Gutenberg editor.

To add conditions by post tag, use tags as the first parameter:

'visible' => ['tags', 'in', [4, 5, 6]]

Unlike post category, you have to use tag IDs.

Custom taxonomies

For custom taxonomies, use tax_input[taxonomy_slug] as the first parameter:

'hidden' => ['tax_input[product]', 'in', [5, 6, 7]],

Similarly to post category, it works with slug, too.

'hidden' => ['slug:tax_input[product]', '!=', 'drones']

Using with Group

The extension uses jQuery to check the field ID and value to match the condition. For the sub-fields in a non-cloneable group, the field ID actually has the format groupID_fieldID. You need to use that format for the condition like this:

'id' => 'group',
'type' => 'group',
'fields' => [
'id' => 'brand',
'name' => 'Brand',
'type' => 'select',
'options' => [
'apple' => 'Apple',
'google' => 'Google',
'microsoft' => 'Microsoft'
'id' => 'apple_products',
'name' => 'Which Apple product that you love?',
'type' => 'radio',
'options' => [
'iPhone' => 'iPhone',
'iPad' => 'iPad',
'Macbook' => 'Macbook',

'visible' => [ 'group_brand', '=', 'apple' ]

If the group is cloneable, the conditional logic runs inside the clone only. In this case you don't have to change the sub-field IDs like above.

Custom callback

To set conditional logic with custom JavaScript callback, just put your function call in the first parameter. Like so:

In your JavaScript file:

// Your custom JavaScript function that checks the condition
function my_custom_callback() {
return true;

In your PHP file:

'visible' => [ 'my_custom_callback()', true ]

Please note that your function can return anything you want and you can use any operator to compare. For example

// Your js
function dummy_function() {
return ['foo', 'bar', 'baz];
// Your field or meta box
'hidden' => [ 'dummy_function()', 'contains', 'bar' ];

Toggle types

By default, we use jQuery .show() and .hide() method (which equivalent to CSS display property) to toggle elements. Imagine you have three fields named A, B, and C. So by default it will display vertical like so:


Or if you use Column extension, it will display horizontal like so:

A | B | C

What happen when field B is hidden? The field C will jump to B place, sometimes, you will want to keep the position of these field, so if field B is hidden, it should keep the blank space like so:




A | | C

So, basically, we have to use CSS visibility property instead of display property. To do so, just add 'toggle_type' => 'visibility' to your Meta Box.

We also support slide and fade animations. In order to use these animation just set toggle_type to slide or fade.

In short, we support 4 toggle types: visibility, display, slide, fade.

Running conditional logic manually

There are situations where you manually modify some fields' values by code. In those cases, no events of the changes are fired, and your conditions might not be applied for other fields.

To fix that, you can run the conditions manually via JavaScript like this:

let $scope = $( '.scope' );
rwmb.runConditionalLogic( $scope );

Where .scope is a selector of the wrapper element, which contains all the fields you want to apply conditional logic to. It might be a field group, or any div, or even the whole page. When running this code, the conditional logic will be applied to all fields inside this wrapper element. In other words, some fields will be visible or hidden based on the current values of other fields.

Known issues

Conditional Logic doesn't works with autocomplete field.